What Does Christmas Cantata Mean?

Who is the father of Cantata?

Johann Sebastian BachJohann Sebastian Bach is perhaps the most prominent and prolific composer of cantatas.

At his most productive, he was composing one cantata every week for eight years.

Bach wrote both secular and sacred cantatas and developed what is known as “chorale cantata”..

Is chant sacred or secular?

Genres. Medieval music was both sacred and secular. During the earlier medieval period, the liturgical genre, predominantly Gregorian chant, was monophonic. Polyphonic genres began to develop during the high medieval era, becoming prevalent by the later thirteenth and early fourteenth century.

Which is the best definition for cantata?

noun. A medium-length narrative piece of music for voices with instrumental accompaniment, typically with solos, chorus, and orchestra. … ‘His works include a cyclic setting of Shevchenko’s poetry; operas, including Taras Bulba; art songs and choral works; cantatas; piano pieces; and chamber music. ‘

Where does the word cantata come from?

The word comes from the Italian cantare, which means “sing,” and the singers are the focus of a cantata — whether it’s one person or a whole choir. Cantatas are often based on religious writing, but can be inspired by poetry and literature as well.

What is one common feature of a cantata?

It applies broadly to works for solo voice, multiple soloists, vocal ensemble, and with instrumental accompaniment of keyboard or instrumental ensemble. It can be a single movement work or consist of multiple movements, and the text can be either sacred or secular.

What is the difference between cantata and oratorio?

Cantatas are usually much shorter in length. 2. Oratorios are usually more dramatic. … Cantatas were usually performed in religious settings (such as part of a service or special church events), compared to Oratorios were performed in concert setting.

What is a cantata service?

A church cantata or sacred cantata is a cantata intended to be performed during a liturgical service. The liturgical calendar of the German Reformation era had, without counting Reformation Day and days between Palm Sunday and Easter, 72 occasions for which a cantata could be presented.

What is the example of Cantata?

Fine examples may be found in the church music of Giacomo Carissimi; and the English vocal solos of Henry Purcell (such as Mad Tom and Mad Bess) show the utmost that can be made of this archaic form. With the rise of the da capo aria, the cantata became a group of two or three arias joined by recitative.

What is the definition of a cantata?

Cantata, (from Italian cantare, “to sing”), originally, a musical composition intended to be sung, as opposed to a sonata, a composition played instrumentally; now, loosely, any work for voices and instruments.

Is cantata staged?

The Cantata. The cantata was also developed in Rome and spread from there to the rest of Europe. Like the oratorio, it was sung but not staged, but it used any sort of theme and any number of voices, from one to many; for example, a secular cantata for two voices might use a man and a woman and have a romantic theme.

Are all cantatas sacred?

Cantatas for use in the liturgy of church services are called church cantata or sometimes sacred cantata, others sometimes secular cantata. Johann Sebastian Bach composed around 200 cantatas. Several cantatas were, and still are, written for special occasions, such as Christmas cantatas.

Are cantatas just for soloists?

The final chorale is typically a homophonic setting of a traditional melody. … Many cantatas composed in Weimar are set like chamber music, mostly for soloists, with a four-part setting only in the closing chorale, which may have been sung by the soloists.